Controlled Substances Act (CSA)
Federal legislation signed by U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1970. The CSA segregates a host of drugs into five schedules. “Marihuana” and “tetrahydrocannabinols” are currently a Schedule I controlled substances. States have each adopted “mini” controlled substances acts, generally mirroring the federal CSA.
Compassionate Use Act of 1996 (Prop. 215)
California voter initiative that permitted physicians to recommend marijuana to qualified patients for medical purposes and provided an affirmative defense to prosecution for qualified patients who consumed medically recommended marijuana and their primary caregivers. It was the first law in the United States after the passage of the Controlled Substances Act that created state-legal protections
Cole Memo (II)
Federal memorandum issued on August 29, 2013 by former Deputy Attorney General James M. Cole with the subject “Guidance Regarding Marijuana Enforcement.” Often simply referred to as the “Cole Memo.” The Cole Memo enumerated and limited the federal government’s enforcement priorities with respect to marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act to prioritize enforcement of eight
Cole Memo (I)
Federal memorandum issued on June 29, 2011 by former Deputy Attorney General James M. Cole with the subject “Guidance Regarding the Ogden Memo in Jurisdictions Seeking to Authorize Marijuana for Medical Use. Succeeded by the second Cole Memo of August 29, 2013 and rescinded by Jeff Sessions via the Sessions Memo of January 4, 2018.